Neuropsychology is the study of brain functions as they relate to human behaviors. People who have suffered an injury or illness that affects brain function are often referred for a neuropsychological assessment. In this assessment, a person’s performance on a series of tests shows how well the brain is functioning, where tissue has been damaged, and distinguishes between psychological and neurological problems. The tests also indicate a person’s cognitive strengths and weaknesses and how well they are coping with illness.
These assessments identify a patient’s capacity for independent living, driving, and returning to school or work. In children, neuropsychological testing is helpful in diagnosing developmental disorders, learning disabilities, and behavioral disorders.